Graham Kendall
Various Images

Professor Graham Kendall

Professor Graham Kendall is the Provost and CEO of The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus (UNMC). He is also a Pro-Vice Chancellor of the University of Nottingham.

He is a Director of MyResearch Sdn Bhd, Crops for the Future Sdn Bhd. and Nottingham Green Technologies Sdn Bhd. He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society (FBCS) and a Fellow of the Operational Research Society (FORS).

He has published over 230 peer reviewed papers. He is an Associate Editor of 10 journals and the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions of Computational Intelligence and AI in Games.

News

Does AI have a place in the board room?
http://bit.ly/1DXreuW
How are football fixtures worked out?
http://bit.ly/1z0oTAH

Latest Blog Post

Snooker: Celebrating 40 years at the Crucible

Random Blog Post

Prediction of sporting events: A Scientific Approach

Publication(s)

Journals Rankings: Buyer Beware
http://bit.ly/1iaSVYu
Solving Multi-objective Optimisation Problems Using the Potential Pareto Regions Evolutionary Algorithm
http://bit.ly/fCOMDK
Evolutionary Computation and Games (Invited Review)
http://bit.ly/f6qvUI
Repeated Goofspiel: A Game of Pure Strategy
http://bit.ly/1hWAFiz

Graham Kendall: Details of Requested Publication


Citation

Kendall, G and Smith, C The evolution of blackjack strategies. In Proceedings of the The IEEE 2003 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2003), pages 2474-2481, Canberra, Australia, 2003.


Abstract

In this paper we investigate the evolution of a blackjack player. We utilise three neural networks (one for splitting, one for doubling down and one for standing/hitting) to evolve blackjack strategies. Initially a pool of randomly generated players play 1000 hands of blackjack. An evolutionary strategy is used to mutate the best networks (with the worst networks being killed). We compare the best evolved strategies to other well-known strategies and show that we can beat the play of an average casino player. We also show that we are able to learn parts of Thorpe’s Basic Strategy.


pdf

You can download the pdf of this publication from here


doi

The doi for this publication is 10.1109/CEC.2003.1299399 You can link directly to the original paper, via the doi, from here

What is a doi?: A doi (Document Object Identifier) is a unique identifier for sicientific papers (and occasionally other material). This provides direct access to the location where the original article is published using the URL http://dx.doi/org/xxxx (replacing xxx with the doi). See http://dx.doi.org/ for more information



URL

This pubication does not have a URL associated with it.

The URL is only provided if there is additional information that might be useful. For example, where the entry is a book chapter, the URL might link to the book itself.


Bibtex

@INPROCEEDINGS{ks2003, author = {G. Kendall and C. Smith},
title = {The evolution of blackjack strategies},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the The IEEE 2003 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2003)},
year = {2003},
volume = {4},
pages = {2474--2481},
address = {Canberra, Australia},
month = {Dec 8 - 12},
abstract = {In this paper we investigate the evolution of a blackjack player. We utilise three neural networks (one for splitting, one for doubling down and one for standing/hitting) to evolve blackjack strategies. Initially a pool of randomly generated players play 1000 hands of blackjack. An evolutionary strategy is used to mutate the best networks (with the worst networks being killed). We compare the best evolved strategies to other well-known strategies and show that we can beat the play of an average casino player. We also show that we are able to learn parts of Thorpe’s Basic Strategy.},
comment = {IEEE Catalog Number: 03TH8674, ISBN: 0-7803-7804-0},
doi = {10.1109/CEC.2003.1299399},
keywords = {games, blackjack, evolution, evolution strategy, evolution strategies, artificail neural networks},
timestamp = {2007.03.29},
webpdf = {http://www.graham-kendall.com/papers/ks2003.pdf} }